With the development of technology and an increase in the average standard of living in the world, many people began to pay more attention to their health. Many gadgets from various manufacturers today are equipped with heart rate monitors, which allow you to monitor the work of the heart, however, a rare owner of a smart watch or fitness tracker knows the normal heart rate in certain conditions.
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Normal heart rate
It is well known that in the absence of problems with the cardiovascular system, the “motor” of an adult is reduced approximately 60-80 times per minute. In this case, the pulse rate first decreases, and then increases throughout life. So, the pulse of a newborn is around 140 beats per minute, by three years it drops to 90, and in adolescence it is set at 60-70 beats / min. After 30 years, the heart rate again starts to increase by 5-10 beats / min for every 5-10 years, depending on the characteristics of the body and lifestyle.
Normal heart rate is also slightly different in gender – the female heart is on average smaller than the male heart and it needs more contractions to ensure sufficient blood circulation in the vessels.
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Physical activity and sports
During active sports, the pulse of a healthy person can increase to 150 and higher beats / min, but if the frequency of contractions reaches 200 beats / min, you should pause and reduce the load in the future. At the same time, the trained heart of an athlete or a person leading an active lifestyle works more slowly than that of a sedentary office worker.
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How to measure your heart rate
As mentioned above, many modern devices (Apple Watch, fitness trackers from Xiaomi, Samsung, etc.) can perform this function. In addition, there are applications for measuring heart rate using a camera and the flash of a regular smartphone, the best of which is Cardiio: Heart Rate Heart Rate.
Of course, there are special devices, but palpation (measurement by touch) remains the simplest and most effective method for determining the heart rate, which allows you to accurately calculate the number of strokes and determine arrhythmic deviations.
It should be borne in mind that the pulse in the lying, sitting and standing positions of the body may differ, a slight difference is present even between the wrists of the left and right hands.
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Causes of heart rate abnormalities
Among the most common causes of increased or slowed heartbeats can be identified:
- Physical activity and sports;
- Severe hunger or, conversely, overeating;
- The use of alcoholic beverages and drugs;
- Menstrual cycle in women;
- Relaxing massages and other relaxation treatments.
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When to see a doctor
The generally accepted deviation, in which you should visit a cardiologist and / or related specialists, is more than 10% of the norm. That is, with a constant heart rate of more than 90 beats / min under the age of 30, for example, a visit to the doctor should not be postponed.