A simple password from an important site (social network account, bank account, etc.) is potentially a very big problem, because even a novice cybercriminal can easily crack a code like “123456” or “pasha120896” and do it in a few seconds! How to protect yourself? Says security consultant RedTeam Security and “white hacker” Kurt Mul.
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In order to secure your accounts in banking services, social networks and other sites, first of all, you need to use a strong password. A strong password is a password that will be difficult to predict, “crack” or calculate in any way. Ideally, it should be a set of arbitrary characters, including lower and upper case letters, as well as numbers and special characters.
It is quite difficult to come up with such a password right away, and here special utilities – password managers – will come to the rescue. They automatically generate strings of arbitrary characters for each site you select. You do not need to remember these passwords, as they will be stored in the password manager, but you will have to remember the password for the manager.
Despite the convenience, not all users like password managers. If you are one of them, we have prepared for you some tips that will help you come up with an easy-to-remember, but strong password. Of course, the native “12345678” is much easier to remember, but breaking it will not be difficult.
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How to come up with a password to never forget it
The easiest way to do this is to take some sentence that you know well and use the first letters of each word for the password. For example, words from the famous song “Java” by Gaza Strip:
“I turned 16 the other day, I wanted a two-wheeled clunker”
This offer will give you a password Mndi16lzjadd. Then transliterate the letters from Cyrillic to Latin (Mndi16lzydd). As a result, you get a much stronger password. True, it would be nice to make it more authentic by a couple of characters, preferably special ones – a dollar icon ($), an exclamation mark, a pound sign (#), etc.
Take the name of the service or site for which you come up with a password, and write it backwards (for example, for Twitter it will be rettiwt);
After each letter, put the numbers of the date of your birth (if you were born on April 1, 1986, it will be r4e1t1t9i8w6t);
Capitalize the first letter, and put an exclamation mark at the end (R4e1t1t9i8w6t!).
If you don’t know what the secret is, such a password seems to be just a combination of unrelated characters. There are lower and upper case letters, numbers and punctuation marks – in all respects it is a strong password. Even if you find it difficult to remember, you can always restore it using the algorithm described above. You will certainly not forget the name of the site and the date of your birth.
Of course, the passwords obtained by the methods described above cannot be called one hundred percent resistant to cracking. For hackers using familiar attacks using the method of password guessing, it will be too tough.
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And what does the phrase “pick up passwords” mean?
Is a hacker sitting at a computer and trying one after another possible combinations? Of course not! Everything is automated – Mühl says that in such cases he simply opens a special program called John the Ripper and loads a text file downloaded from the hacker forum into it with a list of “banal” words – the names of football teams, definitions from the dictionary, numbers, etc. . Therefore, it is better to forget about passwords like spartak92 – a cybercriminal will figure it out pretty quickly. However, a hacker can be complicated by life and a long password from ordinary words:
“Supercali-fragilistic-expialalidocious – picking up such a password will take longer than Colorado, haha.”
Another thing is that sooner or later this will happen anyway – since these are common words, John the Ripper will give out the desired combination after some time. But the technique described above will not let you down – because with its help you get not a word, but a meaningless set of letters and numbers. Another useful tip: make the password as long as possible (10-20 characters). The more characters, the more time it will take to sort through all the possible options.