According to scientists, the Earth’s population is about 7.3 billion people living in different parts of the world. Just like people, every country, even the smallest, has its own characteristics and is fraught with a lot of interesting things.
The island of Grenada is located in the southeastern part of the Caribbean Sea and takes 10th place in the list of the smallest countries in the world. Its area is about 344 square meters. km As of January 1, 2016, the population of Grenada was 107 thousand people. Grenada is one of the world’s largest nutmeg producers. The most popular sport in the country is cricket.
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The total area of Malta (Maltese archipelago) is 316 square meters. km The Republic is considered one of the most densely populated in Europe – more than 419.5 thousand people live in Malta. The Maltese archipelago is primarily the islands of Malta and Goza. It also includes the uninhabited islands of St. Paul and Filfla, the uninhabited Comino and tiny Cominotto and Filfoletta. Malta is 48th on the list of the happiest countries in the world. One of the main attractions of Malta is the Calypso Cave, where, according to legend, the beautiful nymph kept Odysseus captive for seven years.
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Maldives archipelago includes 1,192 islands, 200 of which are uninhabited. The Maldives gained independence in 1965 and as of January 1, 2016, the population of the state totaled a little less than 367 thousand people. Global climate change is a significant problem for the country. In 2009, the then president of the state and 13 officials held a meeting at the bottom of the sea in full diving equipment in order to draw public attention to the potential threat to the islands.
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Saint Kitts and Nevis
The state of St. Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of St. Christopher and Nevis, is located in the eastern Caribbean Sea and consists of two islands – St. Kitts and Nevis. The area of the country is 261 square meters. km, and the population (55 thousand people), which is 6 times less than the number of Maldives. In addition to its wonderful nature, the country is known for the fact that several famous figures were born here at different times, in particular, one of the founding fathers of the United States, Alexander Hamilton.
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The Principality of Liechtenstein is a very interesting country, whose area is 160 square meters. km The population of Liechtenstein is only 37 thousand people. The dwarf state is located between Austria and Switzerland and is considered one of the safest countries in the world. The crime rate here is incredibly low, and the last murder in the country occurred in 1997!
There are a number of bizarre events in the history of Liechtenstein. For example, in March 2007, during a nightly training session, 170 Swiss Army soldiers lost their way and accidentally invaded Liechtenstein. After walking about two kilometers, they found a mistake and turned back.
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San Marino is the oldest state in Europe, surrounded on all sides by Italian territory. The area of the country is only 60 square meters. km., and the population – about 32 thousand people. In 1861, the San Marino authorities offered then US President Abraham Lincoln honorary citizenship in exchange for forming an alliance. Interestingly, Lincoln agreed to this proposal. The republic cannot boast of outstanding sporting achievements. For example, the San Marino national football team debuted in 1990, since then having won only one international match. Then (April 28, 2004) Sanmarinians defeated the Liechtenstein team with a score of 1-0.
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Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellis Islands, is a Pacific state in Polynesia with an area of 26 square kilometers and a population of 10 thousand people. There is only one hospital in the country. Tuvalu can be called a “state in the suburbs” – in 2010, only 2 thousand people visited the country, with 65% of them for business purposes.
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Nauru is located in the South Pacific in Micronesia. The country covers an area of 21.3 square meters. km The Republic of Nauru is the smallest island nation in the world. About 10.2 thousand people live here. Unemployment is one of the most important problems of the state. Only 10% of the population is employed in Nauru. In addition, Nauru is known for its high level of obesity and the highest level of diabetes in the world (40% of the country’s population suffer from this disease).
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Everyone knows that Monaco is one of the richest and most prosperous countries. The area of the state is 20.2 square meters. km, and the population has more than 37.5 thousand inhabitants. In Monaco, held the stage of the famous Formula 1 automobile race (Grand Prix of Monaco). The state borders on France, and its flag is practically indistinguishable from the Indonesian, which served as the occasion for a diplomatic conflict. The Principality of Monaco is also known for its eponymous football club.
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The closed city-state of the Vatican is located in one of the areas of Rome and covers an area of 44 hectares. It was founded in 1929 by the Roman Catholic Church, is governed by the Pope and the conclave of cardinals, has the status of an independent state and even its own army. Out of a population of 800 people, only 450 live in the Vatican.
The Vatican prints its own stamps, issues passports and license plates, has its own flag and anthem, but there is no taxation here. The protection of the Vatican is provided by the soldiers of the Swiss Guard, created in 1506 to protect the then Pope Julius II.